June offers us a rare chance to see all five bright planets in the sunrise direction. Mercury will be lowest in the sky; Venus continues its early morning dominance as it slides lower towards the horizon; Mars brightens, making it easier to spot and identify; Jupiter gleams high in the sky as dawn approaches; and Saturn finishes out this amazing planet parade. Read more about the visible planets below.
Late June evenings: The latest sunsets happening now
June 30 evening: A young crescent moon near Castor and Pollux
Visible planets and night sky guide for July 2022
On mornings in early July, you can still see all five bright planets: Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn. But Mercury becomes increasingly tougher to see as the mornings pass (it’ll show up again in the evening sky before July ends). Venus, the brightest planet, continues its early morning dominance as it moves closer to the horizon. Mars brightens and appears redder; it’s getting easier to spot and identify. Jupiter – 2nd-brightest only to Venus – gleams high in the sky as dawn approaches. Saturn is fainter and in many ways the hardest of the five planets to spot. But Saturn is also becoming more prominent as it approaches opposition in August. Plus, a line between the other planets points to Saturn.
Planetary lineup: How long can you see it?
July 1-3 evenings: Moon near Regulus
July 4: Earth at aphelion
July mornings: Jupiter lies in Cetus
July 7 evening: Moon near Spica
July 10 evening: Moon near Antares
July 11 and 12 evenings: Manhattanhenge
July 13 overnight: No planets, but a Full Moon … it’s a supermoon!
July 14 and 15 overnight: Saturn near moon
In mid-July, with binoculars: Saturn near 2 stars in Capricornus
July 18 and 19 mornings: Jupiter near the moon
July 18-22 mornings, with binoculars: Venus near M35 cluster
July 21 morning: Mars next to the moon
July 23 and 24 mornings: Moon near Aldebaran and Pleiades
July 25 and 26 mornings: Moon near Venus
Late July and early August: Delta Aquariid meteor shower
July 30 and 31 mornings, planets with binoculars: Mars next to Uranus
July 30 and 31 evenings: Mercury and the moon (Southern Hemisphere)
Photos of planets from EarthSky’s community
June-August 2022 heliocentric solar system planets
The sun-centered charts below come from Guy Ottewell. You’ll find charts like these for every month of 2022 in his Astronomical Calendar. Guy Ottewell explains:
In these views from ecliptic north, arrows (thinner when south of the ecliptic plane) are the paths of the four inner planets. Dots along the rest of the orbits are five days apart (and are black for the part of its course that a planet has trodden since the beginning of the year). Semicircles show the sunlit side of the new and full moon (vastly exaggerated in size and distance). Pairs of lines point outward to the more remote planets.
Phenomena such as perihelia (represented by ticks) and conjunctions (represented by lines between planets) are at dates that can be found in the Astronomical Calendar. Gray covers the half of the universe below the horizon around 10 p.m. at mid-month (as seen from the equator). The zodiacal constellations are in directions from the Earth at mid-month (not from the sun).
Deborah Byrd created the EarthSky radio series in 1991 and founded EarthSky.org in 1994. Today, she serves as Editor-in-Chief of this website. She has won a galaxy of awards from the broadcasting and science communities, including having an asteroid named 3505 Byrd in her honor. A science communicator and educator since 1976, Byrd believes in science as a force for good in the world and a vital tool for the 21st century. "Being an EarthSky editor is like hosting a big global party for cool nature-lovers," she says.
“I can sometimes see the moon in the daytime” was a cosmic revelation that John Jardine Goss first discovered through personal observations when he was 6 years old. It shook his young concept of the universe and launched his interest in astronomy and stargazing, a fascination he still holds today. John is past president of the Astronomical League, the largest U.S. federation of astronomical societies, with over 20,000 members. He's earned the title of Master Observer and has authored the celestial observing guides Exploring the Starry Realm and Carpe Lunam. John also writes a monthly stargazing column, Roanoke Skies, for the Roanoke Times, and a bimonthly column, Skywatch, for Blue Ridge Country magazine. He has contributed to Sky and Telescope magazine, the IDA Nightscape, the Astronomical League’s Reflector magazine, and the RASC Observer’s Handbook.
Marcy Curran has enjoyed star gazing since she was a young girl going on family camping trips under the dark skies of Wyoming. She bought her first telescope in time to see Halley’s comet in 1985 on its way in to another close encounter with the sun. Her passion for astronomy eventually led her to being a co-founder of a local astronomical society. Marcy remains active in her astronomy club including being the editor of a monthly newsletter. She also contributes a monthly article to her local newspaper focusing on the stars, planets and objects currently visible in the nighttime sky. Marcy taught astronomy at her local community college for over 20 years. Marcy retired in December 2021 and is delighted to join Earthsky.org as an editor of night sky articles. Her hobbies - other than star gazing - include reading, knitting, jigsaw puzzles and photography. Marcy and her husband live in Wyoming.
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