Sky ArchiveTonight

Summer Triangle on August evenings

We’ve recently seen Orion’s return to the east before dawn, which means our northern summer is beginning to draw to a close. But the Summer Triangle asterism still rules the skies. It pops out first thing at nightfall and climbs up highest for the night at late evening. From mid-northern latitudes, Vega – the Summer Triangle’s brightest star – shines high overhead around 10 p.m. local daylight saving time (9 p.m. local standard time). Altair resides to the southeast (lower left) of Vega, and Deneb lies to Vega’s east (left).

The Summer Triangle is not a constellation. It is three bright stars in three different constellations, as the wonderful photo below – by Susan Jensen in Odessa, Washington – shows.

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Star field with 3 constellations and Summer Triangle drawn on it.
Here is the Summer Triangle asterism – 3 bright stars in 3 different constellations – as photographed by Susan Jensen in Odessa, Washington.

As the stars drift westward during the night, Deneb will swing upward to replace Vega as the overhead star some two hours later. Of course, the stars aren’t really moving. It’s the Earth’s rotation that causes the stars to move westward during the night, and the sun to go westward during the day.

Horizontal glowing band of Milky Way with Cassiopeia and Summer Triangle drawn in front of it.
Great rift of Milky Way passes through the constellation Cassiopeia and the Summer Triangle. Click here for a larger photo.

Because the three stars making up the Summer Triangle are 1st-magnitude stars, you can easily see the brilliant Summer Triangle on moonlit nights. However, you need a dark sky free of moonlight to see the great swath of stars known as the Milky Way passing between the Summer Triangle stars Vega and Altair. The star Deneb bobs in the middle of this river of stars that meanders through the Summer Triangle, arcing across the sky from horizon to horizon. Although every star that you see with the unaided eye is actually a member of our Milky Way galaxy, the term Milky Way often refers to the cross-sectional view of the galactic disk, whereby innumerable far-off suns congregate into a cloudy trail of stars.

Make friends with the Summer Triangle and its three brilliant stars – Vega, Deneb and Altair – tonight. Note the great boulevard of stars that streams right through the Summer Triangle on an inky-dark night. That’s actually an edgewise view into the flat disk of our Milky Way galaxy.

Annotated photo of bright Summer Triangle stars above the roofline of a house.
View at EarthSky Community Photos. | Dr Ski in Valencia, Philippines, captured the Summer Triangle on August 19, 2019. He wrote: “The line between Vega and Altair is broken so as not to obscure the Coathanger Cluster.”

By the way, you can see the Summer Triangle in the Southern Hemisphere, too – although there do you call it the Winter Triangle? I wonder. South of the equator, people see an upside-down version of tonight’s sky scene, in contrast to our northern perspective. Late tonight, Southern Hemisphere residents will see Altair at the top of the Summer Triangle, and Vega and Deneb sparkling at the bottom.

Summer Triangle: Vega, Deneb, Altair

Fuzzy bright stars against greenish sky with 3 constellations labeled.
Summer Triangle and the top of the Louvre Pyramid from EarthSky Facebook friend VegaStar Carpentier in Paris. Thanks, VegaStar!

Bottom line: The Summer Triangle asterism can be seen overhead at late evening now. The Summer Triangle isn’t a constellation, but it’s still very prominent. It is three bright stars in three different constellations. These stars are Vega in the constellation Lyra the Harp, Deneb in the constellation Cygnus the Swan, and Altair in the constellation Aquila the Eagle.

August 17, 2020
Sky Archive

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Bruce McClure

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