Human World

March birthstone: March babies have 2

March birthstone: Pale blue hexagonal crystals growing from irregular rock.
Natural aquamarine crystals. Aquamarine is a March birthstone. Image via Gunnar Ries Amphibol/ Wikimedia Commons (CC BY-SA 2.5).

For a March birthstone you can take your choice, aquamarine or bloodstone.

March birthstone 1: aquamarine

Aquamarine – also called the “poor man’s diamond” – is a form of the mineral beryl that also includes other gemstones such as the emerald, morganite, and heliodor. Beryl consists of four elements: beryllium, aluminum, silicon, and oxygen. Beryl occurs as free six-sided crystals in rock veins, and is a relatively hard gem, ranking after the diamond, sapphire, ruby, alexandrite, and topaz.

Aquamarines vary in color from deep blue to blue-green of different intensities. Traces of iron in the beryl crystal cause these colour variations. Naturally occurring deep blue stones are the most prized because they are rare and expensive. However, yellow beryl stones can be heated to change them to blue aquamarines.

Round bluish brilliant gem with a piece of wood as a background.
Round aquamarine. Image via Gem Rock auctions. Used with permission.

The best commercial source of aquamarines is Brazil. High quality stones are also found in Colombia, the Ural Mountains of Russia, the island of Malagasy, and India. In the United States, Colorado, Maine, and North Carolina are the best sources.

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Aquamarine lore

The Romans derived the name aquamarine from the words “aqua,” meaning water, and “mare,” meaning sea, because it looked like sea water. Aquamarines were believed to have originated from the jewel caskets of sirens, washed ashore from the depths of the sea. They were considered sacred to Neptune, Roman god of the sea. This association with the sea made it the sailors’ gem, promising prosperous and safe voyages, as well as protection against perils and monsters of the sea. The Greeks first documented its use between 480-300 BCE. They wore aquamarine amulets engraved with Poseidon (the Greek god of the sea) on a chariot.

Supposedly Emperor Nero used aquamarine as an eyeglass 2,000 years ago. Much later, aquamarines were used as glasses in Germany to correct shortsightedness. In fact, the German name for eyeglasses today is “brille,” derived from the word for beryl.

Romans believed aquamarine possessed medicinal and healing powers, curing ailments of the stomach, liver, jaws, and throat. During the Middle Ages, the aquamarine supposedly acted as an antidote against poison. Soothsayers, who called it the “magic mirror,” used it for telling fortunes and answering questions about the future.

March birthstone 2: bloodstone

Triangular grey and red rock with some tones of green in the middle and orange at bottom right.
Rough bloodstone, also known as heliotrope. Image via James St. John/ Wikimedia commons (CC BY 2.0).

The second birthstone for March is the bloodstone. Bloodstone – also known as heliotrope – is a form of the abundant mineral quartz. This particular form of quartz, known as cryptocrystalline quartz, exists as a mass of tiny quartz crystals formed together in large lumps that show no external crystal form, yet each of the component crystals that make up the mass is a genuine crystal. This quartz variety is also called chalcedony. Green chalcedony spotted with flecks of red is known as bloodstone. Bloodstone is found embedded in rocks or as pebbles in riverbeds. The best sources of this stone are India, Brazil, and Australia.

Round black polished rock woth bits of red.
Bloodstone. Photo via Ra’ike/ Wikimedia commons (CC BY-SA 3.0).

Bloodstone lore

The bloodstone is a favored material for carving religious subjects, particularly the Crucifixion. The Italian Matteo del Nassaro made a particularly famous carving around 1525. In “The Descent from the Cross,” the sculptor carefully crafted the piece so that spots of red on the bloodstone represented the wounds of Christ and his drops of blood. According to legend, bloodstone formed during the crucifixion of Christ. A Roman soldier-guard thrust his spear into Christ’s side and drops of blood fell on some pieces of dark green jasper lying at the foot of the cross, and the bloodstone was created.

Babylonians used this stone to make seals and amulets, and it was also a favorite with Roman gladiators. In the Middle Ages, bloodstone was believed to hold healing powers, particularly for stopping nosebleeds. Powdered and mixed with honey and white of egg, it was believed to cure tumors and stop all types of hemorrhage. Ancient alchemists used it to treat blood disorders, including blood poisoning and the flow of blood from a wound. Bloodstone was also believed to draw out the venom of snakes.

Find out about the birthstones for the other months of the year.

January birthstone
February birthstone
March birthstone
April birthstone
May birthstone
June birthstone
July birthstone
August birthstone
September birthstone
October birthstone
November birthstone
December birthstone

Bottom line: The month of March has two birthstones – the aquamarine and the bloodstone.

March 1, 2024
Human World

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