Favorite Star Patterns

Coathanger cluster: Looks like its name

Coathanger cluster: 6 stars in line with 4 stars making hook below them against crisp star field.
The Coathanger cluster looks like its namesake. Image via Wikimedia Commons.

In the evening from July until about November – if you have a dark sky – you can look within the famous Summer Triangle for a tiny but recognizable cluster of stars. Most people call it the Coathanger cluster. Two other names are Brocchi’s cluster and Collinder 399. The Coathanger is a tiny asterism, or pattern of stars (not a constellation).

It isn’t a true open star cluster, but only a chance alignment of physically unrelated stars.

It looks like its namesake, making it easy to spot with binoculars and a dark sky. But you have to know just where to look. It’s visible from both the Northern and Southern Hemispheres.

Coathanger cluster within the Summer Triangle

Do you already know the Summer Triangle stars? If not, click here. The Summer Triangle is easy to spot as a large triangle in the east on northern summer evenings. Three bright stars mark its corners: Deneb in the constellation Cygnus the Swan, Vega in Lyra the Harp, and Altair in Aquila the Eagle.

The Milky Way – the edgewise view into the flat disk of our galaxy – runs right through the Summer Triangle. So there are many beautiful little clusters here, plus, of course, the great and glorious Dark Rift of the Milky Way.

If you can find the Summer Triangle, you can find the Coathanger. Just be sure to look from a dark rural location, and have some binoculars handy. The cluster is located along a line between two Triangle stars, Vega and Altair. The chart below illustrates the view.

The Coathanger cluster pictured on a star chart showing the Summer Triangle.
The Coathanger is very easy to find if you go 2/3 of the way from the bright star Vega to the bright star Altair. These are 2 of the 3 bright stars in the Summer Triangle. If you have binoculars and a dark sky, you can’t miss the Coathanger! Chart via Skyledge.net.

Albireo can help you find the Coathanger

… but it requires that you find a slightly fainter star, beloved Albireo. This star is located in the midst of the Summer Triangle. It’s also seen as the bottom of a second asterism within the Summer Triangle, called the Northern Cross.

Albireo is found at the base of the Northern Cross. See it, in the illustration below?

Dense starfield with constellation Northern Cross shown and Coathanger cluster circled.
The Northern Cross, with the beloved double star Albireo at its base. The little Coathanger cluster is nearby. Image via Astro Bob.

Albireo to Alpha Vulpeculae to the Coathanger

Got Albireo? Now for some specifics on finding the Coathanger. With binoculars, look for the brightest star in the vicinity of Albireo. That star is called Alpha Vulpeculae, which appears as a double star through binoculars (though the two stars are not gravitationally bound).

Draw an imaginary line from Albireo through Alpha Vulpeculae to locate the Coathanger. In most binoculars, Alpha Vulpeculae and the Coathanger fit within the same binocular field of view, though just barely.

Notice that six stars form the bar of the Coathanger, while four stars make up the hook. From mid-northern latitudes, the Coathanger often appears upside-down. That’s why some people call it the Ski Lift.

Hint: The Coathanger is tiny. If you keep getting lost while using your binoculars, place the bottom of the view at the top of a tree (or building), then go from your landmark upward until you catch sight of the object.

Star chart with line from and through prominent stars to cluster at bottom.
Star-hop from the star Albireo to Alpha Vulpeculae, to the Coathanger cluster.
Star chart of constellation Vulpecula with stars in black on white.
An imaginary line – drawn in purple on this chart – from the star Albireo and through the star Alpha Vulpeculae takes you to the Coathanger.

When should you look?

Our sky chart above shows the stars as they appear from the Northern Hemisphere in middle July around midnight (1 a.m. daylight saving time).

Because the stars return to the same place in the sky some two hours earlier with each passing month, this sky chart also shows star positions for about 10 p.m. (11 p.m. daylight time) in mid-August, 8 p.m. (9 p.m. daylight time) in mid-September and 6 p.m (7 p.m daylight time) in mid-October.

Since these stars shine from south to overhead at these times (as seen from the Northern Hemisphere), you might want to sprawl out on a reclining lawn chair, with your feet pointing southward. A reclining position saves neck strain.

The Coathanger’s position is RA: 19h 26.47′; Dec: 20o 11.93′

Star field photo with scattered stars and small but visible Coathanger asterism.
Photo of the Coathanger cluster (on the lower right). Image via Jean-Marie Andre Delaporte. Thank you, Jean-Marie!

Bottom line: Star-hop to the Coathanger – a tiny asterism that really looks like its namesake – via the stars Albireo and Alpha Vulpeculae.

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July 17, 2021
Favorite Star Patterns

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