EarthHuman World

Summer solstice, cycles of nature and Chinese philosophy

Summer solstice: Yellow phoenix with spread wings and flames around.
Red Phoenix, aka Vermilion Bird. In Chinese thinking, summer solstice has been associated with a red phoenix. Image via Alex Kim’s Animals Blog.

The 2022 June solstice comes at 9:14 UTC (4:14 a.m. CDT) on Tuesday, June 21, 2022. Click here to read more.

Summer solstice and cycles of nature

The Chinese were (and perhaps still are) great students of nature.

There’s a deep understanding in Chinese tradition of nature’s predictable cycle. The understanding of nature’s cycle could be applied to many things: not just the seasons or the growth of plants, but also, for example, relationships, one’s work, the development of a child, emotions, the progress of a disease, a life in its totality.

For the western mind, the passage of the seasons is a good illustration of the orderliness of this natural cycle. As we all know, things sprout and begin to grow (spring). They reach their fullness (summer). They begin to dry and wither (autumn). Then they rest (winter). The Chinese also include a fifth “season” or “phase” in their thinking, sometimes described as “late summer.” In ancient Chinese thought, these five “elements” or five “phases” include an inherent understanding that the cycle continues, over and over, with each period of rest or winter followed by new growth, or spring.

The five phases of ancient Chinese philosophy are associated with specific things: directions, colors, sounds, organs in the body, fundamental elements such as water or fire, real or mythological beasts.

The summer season is associated with the direction south. It’s associated with the color red, the sound of laughing, the heart organ, the fire element, and a creature often referred to as a red phoenix. Summer is considered the most yang season. We all know that summer is the hottest, brightest and often driest season. That’s in contrast to winter – the most yin season – which is the coldest, darkest and often wettest time of year.

Blue sky with some white lines that represent some constellations. Their names appear in yellow, in English and Chinese.
View larger. | Just for fun, the Summer Triangle captured from Hong Kong on June 19, 2016 by our friend Matthew Chin.

Ways to celebrate the solstice

In the Chinese practice of qigong, hundreds if not thousands of different meditations, visualizations and physical exercises have been developed over the years related to the five phases of Chinese philosophy. Many of these practices have been passed down to our time. If you want to celebrate this solstice as the ancient Chinese philosophers did, you’ll be joining a tradition that’s thousands of years old. It was part of the Chinese tradition to honor people, information and beliefs that are old, by the way.

That’s in contrast to our western way of thinking, where youth most often carries the day.

The Chinese were also great believers in balance. So to celebrate the summer solstice as the Chinese philosophers did, you might …

Stand facing south, considered the direction of summer in ancient Chinese philosophy. Just stand for a few moments and honor the “southness” of summer.

Balance your fire element. Go swimming in a cold, dark pool or stream.

Wear red!

Laugh. In the Chinese tradition, there are sounds associated with the five phases, and the sound associated with this part of the cycle – summer – is laughter. Remember, as I said above, that this phase is also associated with the heart organ? More and more often, in western thought, you hear that “laughter is good for the heart.”

The ancient Chinese philosophers would agree.

Bottom line: Here’s what traditional Chinese thought has to say about the season of summer.

Spring equinox, cycles of nature and Chinese philosophy

Autumn equinox, cycles of nature and Chinese philosophy

June 21, 2022

Like what you read?
Subscribe and receive daily news delivered to your inbox.

Your email address will only be used for EarthSky content. Privacy Policy
Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

More from 

Deborah Byrd

View All