Tonight – July 14, 2016 – and for the next couple of evenings, you can’t miss the waxing gibbous moon as darkness falls. Use the moon to guide you to two planets – Mars and Saturn – plus the bright star Antares over the next few nights.
Mars is brighter than Saturn, and Saturn is brighter than Antares.
The Red Planet is fainter now than it was a month ago, but it’s still a sight to behold.
Because Mars and Saturn are planets, they shine by reflecting the light of the sun. Antares, being a star, shines by its own light.
There’s a third planet in the July, 2016 sky. Look westward after darkness falls to view the largest world in our solar system, Jupiter.
Dazzling Jupiter – brighter now than Mars, and much brighter than Saturn – will set in the west by around mid-evening. Be sure to view this world at nightfall. Meanwhile, the moon, Mars and Saturn (plus the star Antares) will stay out until well after midnight.
Mars, Jupiter and Saturn are called superior planets because they orbit the sun outside of Earth’s orbit. Mars is the fourth planet outward from the sun, whereas Jupiter is the fifth, and Saturn the sixth.
We list the distances of solar system planets from the sun in astronomical units (AU) on the chart below.
Mean distance (semi-major axis) in AU from sun to each planet.
Mercury: 0.387 AU
Venus: 0.723 AU
Earth: 1.000 AU
Mars: 1.524 AU
Jupiter: 5.203 AU
Saturn: 9.582 AU
Uranus: 19.201 AU
Neptune: 30.047 AU
Source: Planetary Fact Sheet
Planets that orbit the sun inside of Earth’s orbit – Mercury and Venus – are called inferior planets. Both of these worlds – especially Mercury – are difficult to see right now because they follow the sun beneath the horizon so shortly after sunset. We’ll talk more about the upcoming conjunction of Mercury and Venus on July 16.
Bottom line: Use the moon to find Mars, Saturn and Antares as darkness falls on July 14, 2016.
Bruce McClure has served as lead writer for EarthSky's popular Tonight pages since 2004. He's a sundial aficionado, whose love for the heavens has taken him to Lake Titicaca in Bolivia and sailing in the North Atlantic, where he earned his celestial navigation certificate through the School of Ocean Sailing and Navigation. He also writes and hosts public astronomy programs and planetarium programs in and around his home in upstate New York.