Venus and Saturn conjunction Sunday evening

Venus and Saturn very close, near horizon, on steep ecliptic line with crescent moon nearby.
Look for the Venus and Saturn conjunction on January 22, 2023. The planets will be only 0.4 degrees apart that evening. A young waxing crescent moon – glowing with earthshine – hangs below the pair near the horizon. Chart via John Jardine Goss/ EarthSky.

Venus and Saturn conjunction

On January 22, 2023, catch the dazzling planet Venus and much-fainter planet Saturn near each other after sunset. Start looking near where the sun just set as twilight falls. As a bonus, you may spot the young waxing crescent moon closer to the horizon. The sliver of a crescent moon will set about 30 minutes before the planets. Then, the planets will disappear over the horizon roughly 90 minutes after sunset.

At their closest, Venus will pass 0.4 degrees (almost the width of a full moon) from Saturn on the sky’s dome.

You should have no problem spotting Saturn near Venus with the eye alone. Both are bright planets! But Venus is much, much brighter. Do you have binoculars or a telescope? These two worlds are so close together from our perspective that they’ll fit inside a single field of view.

Saturn is shining at +0.7 magnitude. Meanwhile, Venus shines at -3.9 magnitude. In fact, Venus ranks as the 3rd-brightest celestial body in the sky, after the sun and moon. Venus is so dazzlingly bright that some sharp-sighted people can even spot it in daylight.

Now on sale! The 2023 EarthSky lunar calendar. A unique and beautiful poster-sized calendar showing phases of the moon every night of the year. Treat yourself!

Moon near Venus and Saturn on January 23

While Venus and Saturn may be a bit farther away from each other on the dome of our sky on January 23, the moon has moved closer to the planetary party. The two planets are now over a degree apart, and with the thin waxing crescent moon so close, they make a lovely trio in the early evening sky.

The view changes with time depending on your location on the globe. Some of you – for example, those in the Philippines – get to see Venus and Saturn less than a half degree apart on January 23 when they’re closest to the moon. For a more precise star chart from your location, try Stellarium.

Crescent moon, Venus, and Saturn close together near horizon along steep green line of ecliptic.
On January 23, 2023, the thin waxing crescent moon shines low in the sky with Venus and Saturn after sunset. By the way, the beautiful glow you see on the unlit portion of the moon is earthshine. Chart via John Jardine Goss/ EarthSky.

Submit your photos of Venus, Saturn and the moon to EarthSky Community Photos.

Bottom line: What’s the bright object near the fainter one in the west after sunset? It’s the Venus and Saturn conjunction! They’ll be closest on January 22, 2023.

January 22, 2023

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Marcy Curran

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