Tonight, try locating one of the coolest constellations up there. The constellation Hercules the Kneeling Giant can be seen ascending in the east-northeast on these Northern Hemisphere spring evenings. You can find Hercules between two brilliant stars: Arcturus and Vega. The chart at the top of this post shows the evening sky in late April, when the constellation Hercules, and the two stars so essential for finding it, are well up in the northeastern to eastern sky.
Arcturus is in the constellation Boötes, and Vega is in the constellation Lyra. At nightfall, Vega may still be below in your horizon. If so, wait a while … it’ll rise soon.
A line between Arcturus and Vega passes through what is known as the Keystone – an asterism, or noticeable star pattern – in Hercules. The Keystone is a squarish figure in the center of Hercules. See it on the charts above and below?
The Keystone is a helpful pattern for more reasons than one. First, it’s noticeable on the sky’s dome, so it can lead your eye to Hercules.
Also, the Keystone in Hercules can help you find the most fascinating telescopic object within the boundaries of this constellation. This object is a globular star cluster known to stargazers as M13 or the Great Cluster in Hercules. M13 is barely visible to the eye alone in the darkest of skies, but binoculars show it as a nebulous starlike patch of light. And telescopes show stars both on the periphery of the cluster and toward its center.
This beautiful object is one of the galaxy’s oldest inhabitants. It’s a tightly packed spherical collection of about one million stars.
Bottom line: Use the brilliant stars Arcturus and Vega to find the constellation Hercules tonight!