Mercury and Venus pair up at dusk April 24-26

Up for a big observing challenge? Try to spot the planets Mercury and Venus coupling up on the sky’s dome at dusk on April 24, 25 and 26, 2021. We give you fair warning. The quest won’t be easy, even with binoculars. You’ll need an unobstructed horizon in the direction of sunset and crystal-clear skies to view these close-knit worlds in the glow of evening twilight. Mercury and Venus are near the sunset point, shortly after the sun goes down. Will you see them? The real sky will appear brighter than it does on our sky chart, and you probably won’t see the constellation Orion until after Mercury and Venus have already set. Still, if you can locate Orion one evening … you might use it to locate Mercury and Venus the next evening. The green line represents the ecliptic, or path of the sun across our sky.

Both Mercury and Venus will become splendidly easier to see in May … though not so close together!

Green and blue orbit lines on black with large dots with symbols for planets.
Map of the inner solar system on April 25, 2021, via Fourmilab’s Solar System Live. The sun is yellow, Mercury green, Venus white, Earth blue and Mars red. Mercury and Venus appear on nearly the same line of sight as seen from Earth. That’s why we see them near each other in our sky. Of course, they’re not close together in space. From Earth, Mercury and Venus reside 1.28 and 1.71 astronomical units (AU) away from us, respectively. From the sun, Mercury and Venus lie 0.31 and 0.72 AU distant. You’ll find more about the solar system symbols on each world, from NASA.

The Northern Hemisphere has the advantage because these two worlds stay out longer after sunset at more northerly latitudes. At southerly latitudes, the planetary twosome sets sooner after the sun. We give you the approximate setting times for the next few days at various latitudes:

60 degrees north latitude: Mercury-Venus set about 50 minutes after the sun

40 degrees north latitude: Mercury-Venus set about 35 minutes after the sun

Equator (0 degrees latitude): Mercury-Venus set about 30 minutes after the sun

35 degrees south latitude: Mercury-Venus set about 20 minutes after the sun

Want more specific information? Try Old Farmer’s Almanac or TimeandDate

The good news is that both of these planets are brilliant. Venus ranks as the third-brightest celestial object to light up the heavens, after the sun and moon, respectively. Although Mercury is some eight times dimmer than Venus, Mercury at present shines as brilliantly as Sirius, the brightest star in the nighttime sky. Unlike Sirius, though, Mercury and Venus will set before nightfall, and Sirius probably won’t pop out until after Mercury and Venus set.

Don’t worry if you miss these hard-to-find worlds over the next several days. Day by day, both Mercury and Venus will climb up higher in the sky at sunset and will stay out longer after sundown. Mercury, the faster-moving planet, will soar above Venus in the evening twilight for the next month or so, or until Mercury reaches its greatest elongation – maximum angular distance from the setting sun – on May 17, 2021. After that, Mercury will descend downward, toward the sunset, as Venus continues its climb upward, away from the setting sun.

Read more: May 2021 best month to see Mercury

Mercury and Venus will meet up again for their final conjunction for the year on May 29, 2021 (from North America: evening of May 28). This time around, their rendezvous will find them higher up in the sky at sunset, to stay out longer after sundown.

Bottom line: Shortly after sunset – April 24, 25 and 26, 2021 – try to spot the furtive rendezvous of the two inferior planets, Mercury and Venus, at evening dusk.

Read more: EarthSky’s monthly guide to the visible planets

April 24, 2021

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Bruce McClure

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