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M81 and M82 as never seen before

M81 and M82: A spiral galaxy and cigar-shaped galaxy with blue tendrils interacting.
View larger. | Here are M81 and M82, 2 galaxies high on the list of amateur astronomers’ favorite targets. But this image is something new: an ultra-deep, 219-hour collaboration between several astrophotographers. Find a zoomable version here. Image via William Ostling/ Andre Vilhena/ Dominic/ Jens Unger/ Justin P./ Steve Gill/ Ovidiu Dascalu/ W. J. G. de Blok et al.

M81 and M82 in Ursa Major

M81 and M82 are two of the easier galaxies for beginning astronomers to find through small telescopes. The galaxies appear close together in our sky, and they’re near the famous Big Dipper asterism, in the constellation Ursa Major, the Greater Bear. Here, several veteran astrophotographers across three continents – Europe, North America and Oceania – have done something more. They combined data to create the beautiful images you see here. With more than 219 hours of exposures and 4,019 subframes – plus more than 62 hours of processing by William Ostling – the resulting images are breathtaking.

On the left is M81, nicknamed Bode’s Galaxy. The smaller galaxy on the right is called M82, aka the Cigar Galaxy. M82 is what’s known as a starburst galaxy. It has a rapid rate of star formation, thought to be driven by a close encounter with the larger galaxy. And M82 also has a superwind, a huge outflow of material likely driven by its rapidly forming stars. At the top corner of the image is another small starburst galaxy, known as NGC 3077. These three galaxies are all approximately 12 million light-years away.

The many hours of exposure time of this image let astrophotographers capture fine detail between the galaxies. William Ostling said on this website:

All around the image is the galactic cirrus, dust lit by the glow of the Milky Way.

The image above also includes an overlay of neutral hydrogen, or HI emission , which helps you distinguish between the neutral gas of the galaxies’ interactions and the dust of the Milky Way.

Another look

Here’s another look at M81 and M82 without the HI overlay. You can see a zoomable, annotated version of this image here. You can see more images and read more about M81 and M82 at William Ostling’s website.

Star field with light blue and pink swirl on left, vertical oblong at right and bright oval in upper left corner.
M81 (left), M82 (right) and NGC 3077 (top left) come alive in these masterful images. Image via William Ostling/ Andre Vilhena/ Dominic/ Jens Unger/ Justin P./ Steve Gill/ Ovidiu Dascalu.

Bottom line: Get a fresh look at galaxies M81 and M82 in Ursa Major. These incredible images combine more than 200 hours of exposure time, and more than 60 hours of processing, for a look at fine structures.

August 6, 2022
Today's Image

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Kelly Kizer Whitt

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