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Use moon to locate Crab on April 4

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Tonight – April 4, 2017 – the waxing gibbous moon can guide you to the location of the constellation Cancer the Crab on the sky’s dome. You’ve probably heard of Cancer, but it’s very faint. There’s a good chance you’ve never seen it. Cancer is well known not because it’s bright, but because the sun in its yearly journey passes directly in front of it from about July 20 to August 9. So by definition, faint as it is, Cancer is a constellation of the zodiac.

In fact, as constellations go, Cancer the Crab may be the least seen among the zodiacal constellations. You won’t see it well in the moonlight, but don’t let that stop you from gazing toward tonight’s moon and using it to help find Cancer, later.

Just look above at our chart. Notice that Regulus, the brightest star in the constellation Leo the Lion, shines on one side of Cancer, while the Gemini stars, Castor and Pollux, shine on the other side.

Constellation Cancer. Image credit: Wikipedia

Take note of these three stars around tonight’s moon. Come back again in a night or two, and see if you can find them again. Then, on a dark night, when the moon has dropped out of the evening sky, use Regulus, Castor and Pollux to locate Cancer the Crab.

If you do this – and especially if you treat yourself to a trip to a country location, where city lights don’t interfere – you’ll find this constellation. Just remember, Cancer’s brightest star is magnitude 3.5, meaning that none of Cancer’s stars can be seen from light-polluted cities or suburbs.

Starting around mid-April 2017, the moon will have dropped out of the early evening sky, and you’ll be able to identify Cancer. Cancer faithfully glimmers between Regulus and the two bright Gemini stars, Castor and Pollux.

The Beehive in Cancer is one of our galaxy's open star clusters, whose member stars were born from a single cloud of gas and dust in space and which still move together as a family. Other names for the cluster are Praesepe and M44. Image via 2MASS Atlas Image Gallery: The Messier Catalog via Wikimedia Commons

And, if you do see Cancer on a moonless night, you’ll have a wonderful surprise in store, especially if you’re looking in a dark sky away from city lights.

In a dark sky, if your eyesight is good, you can make out a patch of haze in the midst of Cancer’s stars.

If you have binoculars, you’ll more clearly see a cluster of stars within Cancer, called Praesepe – also known as the open star cluster Messier 44 – most frequently called the Beehive.

The cluster of stars on the left in this image is the Beehive, within the constellation Cancer the Crab.  You can also see the King Cobra cluster here, on the right of the image. Image via Tom Wildoner at LeisurelyScience.com

The cluster of stars on the left in this image is the Beehive, within the constellation Cancer the Crab. You can also see the King Cobra cluster here, on the right of the image. Image via Tom Wildoner at LeisurelyScience.com

Bottom line: Use the moon to locate the constellation Cancer on April 4, 2017. Cancer is faint so you won’t see it well until the moon moves away.

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