Amanda Curtis, CEO of 19th Amendment, is having a very lucky day. While waiting for a train in Long Island this morning she caught this heavenly vision, a rare quadruple rainbow.
— Amanda Curtis (@amanda_curtis) April 21, 2015
Amanda’s photo, which quickly went viral turns out to be what Les Cowley of the great website Atmospheric Optics calls a reflection rainbow. A reflected double rainbow! Bad Astronomer Phil Plait at Slate agrees. In other words, according to Phil:
The angle of the weirder, more vertical bows is what gives it away. If the light forming rainbows reflects off a body of water (say, a lake, pond, or even standing water on a road) you get another set of rainbows cast at a different angle.
Les explains that reflection rainbows are:
… produced by sunlight beaming upwards after reflection from calm water or wet sand …
The Scottish Western Isles are favored places for reflection bows. The prevailing warm south westerlies from the Atlantic Ocean bring frequent showers of fine rain interspersed by skies of exceptional purity whose sunlight is reflected in the many bays and inlets.
But today, thanks to Amanda Curtis, we can all enjoy this rare optical phenomenon!
Thanks for sharing your pic with us at EarthSky, Amanda!
P.S. This reflected double rainbow is a different phenomenon, by the way, from what experts in atmospheric optics call tertiary or quaternary bows. They are even more rare. Read the latest on them – from 2011 – here: First-ever photos of triple and quadruple rainbows
Bottom line: Amanda Curtis’ rare photo of a quadruple rainbow, seen over Long Island on April 21, is the real thing. It’s a reflected double rainbow.
Deborah Byrd created the EarthSky radio series in 1991 and EarthSky.org in 1994. Today, she serves as Editor-in-Chief of this website. She has won a galaxy of awards from the broadcasting and science communities, including having an asteroid named 3505 Byrd in her honor. A science communicator and educator since 1976, Byrd believes in science as a force for good in the world and a vital tool for the 21st century. "Being an EarthSky editor is like hosting a big global party for cool nature-lovers," she says.