At 2:54 a.m. EDT (6:54 UTC) on March 15, the sun erupted with an Earth-directed coronal mass ejection (CME). The CME left the sun at speeds of around 900 miles per second (1,450 km), which is a fairly fast speed for CMEs. Its effects are expected to reach Earth in one to three days, creating a geomagnetic storm and the potential for beautiful auroras. It’s possible the auroras will be visible at lower latitudes than usual (they are typically confined to high latitudes). Spaceweather.com said on the evening of March 15:
Three-dimensional computer models based on observations from SOHO and NASA’s twin STEREO probes predict the CME will cross the void between sun and Earth in two days or less. NOAA forecasters estimate a 70% chance of polar geomagnetic storms when the cloud arrives on March 17th. … High latitude (and possibly even middle latitude) sky watchers should be alert for auroras this weekend.
Incoming CMEs also have the potential to affect electronic systems in satellites and on the ground, but, historically, CMEs at this speed have caused mild to moderate effects at Earth.
Bottom line: The sun ejected a coronal mass ejection, or CME, on March 15. It is moving at a fairly high rate of speed and should arrive at Earth from within one to two days, creating a storm in Earth’s magnetic field and thus bringing auroras or northern lights. Stay alert for them this weekend!
Deborah Byrd created the EarthSky radio series in 1991 and founded EarthSky.org in 1994. Today, she serves as Editor-in-Chief of this website. She has won a galaxy of awards from the broadcasting and science communities, including having an asteroid named 3505 Byrd in her honor. A science communicator and educator since 1976, Byrd believes in science as a force for good in the world and a vital tool for the 21st century. "Being an EarthSky editor is like hosting a big global party for cool nature-lovers," she says.