China’s moon rover – carried by China’s first moon lander, Chang’e 3, which set down in December – is apparently in trouble. The little rover Yutu, which means Jade Rabbit, was about halfway through a three-month mission to study the moon when Chinese media reported the malfunction on January 27, 2014. China’s state-run Xinhua news released a report in the voice of the rover itself, saying:
Although I should’ve gone to bed this morning, my masters discovered something abnormal with my mechanical control system. My masters are staying up all night working for a solution. I heard their eyes are looking more like my red rabbit eyes.
Nevertheless, I’m aware that I might not survive this lunar night.
So that its delicate electronics can survive the cold of a lunar night, the rover has to hibernate, or shut down most of its systems. Since the moon rotates once on its axis for every month-long lunar orbit around Earth, one lunar night lasts about 14 Earth-days. In the lunar night, the moon’s surface temperature can dip to minus 243 F (minus 153 C), according to NASA. CNN reported:
If a mechanical problem keeps it from hibernating properly, then the Rabbit could freeze to death.
China’s Chang’e 3 mission is the first soft landing on the moon since 1976. China is only the third country in the world to land on the moon, after the U.S. and former Soviet Union.
Bottom line: China’s lunar rover Yutu or Jade Rabbit – placed on the moon in December by the Chang’e lander – is apparently in trouble. It is only about halfway through its planned mission of three months.
Deborah Byrd created the EarthSky radio series in 1991 and founded EarthSky.org in 1994. Today, she serves as Editor-in-Chief of this website. She has won a galaxy of awards from the broadcasting and science communities, including having an asteroid named 3505 Byrd in her honor. A science communicator and educator since 1976, Byrd believes in science as a force for good in the world and a vital tool for the 21st century. "Being an EarthSky editor is like hosting a big global party for cool nature-lovers," she says.