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Peter Lowenstein
Mutare, Zimbabwe
06:10 pm

Equipment Details:

Tripod-mounted Panasonic Lumix DMC-TZ60 in sunset mode

Post-processing Details:

Compilation of photo montage from 2 sunset and 8 moon and volcanic sunset images.

Image Details:

Setting Sun followed by Waxing Moon above Volcanic Sunset Displays 29-30 October.
Almost clear skies on the 29th and 30th October enabled the Sun to be observed setting between 5.56 and 5.57 pm followed 15 minutes later by views of the Waxing Crescent Moon above volcanic sunsets which took only ten minutes to develop and recede towards the horizon. This demonstrates that more than 9 months after the massive January 15th eruption of the Hunga-Tonga volcano there are still sufficient quantities of aerosols at low levels in the stratosphere to produce significant volcanic sunset displays which commence shortly after sunset and take only a few minutes to disappear. This contrasts with the situation earlier in the year when the aerosols were denser and at much higher levels and produced larger and more spectacular displays which took longer to develop and fade. An excellent article on the Hunga-Tonga eruption has recently been published at