Year’s fastest sunsets around equinoxes

Tonight – at sunset – here’s a natural phenomenon you might never have imagined. That is, the sun actually sets faster around the time of an equinox. The fastest sunsets (and sunrises) occur at or near the equinoxes. And the slowest sunsets (and sunrises) occur at or near the solstices. This is true whether you live in the Northern or Southern Hemisphere.

And, by the way, when we say sunset here, we’re talking about the actual number of minutes it takes for the body of the sun to sink below the western horizon.

Four views of Earth. Line between light and dark slanted in two views, vertical in the other two.

Equinoxes and solstices, via Geosync

Why does the sun set so quickly around the equinoxes? At every equinox, the sun pretty much rises due east and sets due west. That means – on the day of an equinox – the setting sun hits the horizon at its steepest possible angle.

Meanwhile, at a solstice, the sun is setting farthest north or farthest south of due west. The farther the sun sets from due west along the horizon, the shallower the angle of the setting sun. That means a longer duration for sunset at the solstices.

The sunset duration varies by latitude. Farther north or south on the Earth’s globe, the duration of sunset lasts longer. Closer to the equator, the duration is shorter. But let’s just consider one latitude, 40 degrees north, the latitude of Denver or Philadelphia in the United States, and Beijing in China. At that latitude, on the day of equinox, the sun sets in about 2 3/4 minutes.

On the other hand, the solstice sun sets in roughly 3 1/4 minutes at 40 degrees latitude.

The lunar calendars are here! They’ll help you know the moon phases throughout 2020.

Diagram of four Earths and Earth's orbit with sun in center.

The equinox is an event that takes place in Earth’s orbit around the sun.

When is the equinox? The September equinox will arrive on September 23, 2019, at 07:50 UTC. Although the equinox happens at the same moment worldwide, your clock times will depend on your time zone. For time zones in the continental U.S., this equinox comes on September 23 at 3:50 a.m. EDT, 2:50 a.m. CDT, 1:50 a.m. MDT or 12:50 a.m. PDT. Translate to your time zone.

Bottom line: The fastest sunsets of the year are happening now, around the time of the September equinox.

All you need to know about the upcoming equinox

Are day and night equal on the equinox?

Help support EarthSky! Visit the EarthSky store for to see the great selection of educational tools and team gear we have to offer.

Bruce McClure