This is such a wonderful image that it’s no wonder it won NASA’s 2016 Tournament Earth photo competition. It’s the fully illuminated far side of the moon – the side not visible from Earth – set against the fully illuminated (dayside) of the Earth.
NASA calls this image The Dark Side and the Bright Side, but that’s really a play on the erroneous notion of a permanent lunar dark side. Many EarthSky readers understand that the moon has no permanent dark side. All sides of the moon do experience day and night, just as Earth does … only more slowly, since the moon takes about a month to rotate once on its axis.
Also, in this image, there’s nothing dark except space itself. Both the Earth and moon are showing us their illuminated daysides. How did NASA capture this? It wrote:
The images were acquired by the Earth Polychromatic Imaging Camera (EPIC) on the DSCOVR satellite, which orbits about 1.6 million kilometers (1 million miles) from Earth. EPIC maintains a constant view of the fully illuminated Earth as it rotates. About twice a year the camera captures images of the moon and Earth together as the orbit of DSCOVR crosses the orbital plane of the moon.
Want more? Here’s a video of the capture:
And check out the image below, where some of the features on the lunar far side are labeled.
By the way, no one on Earth had ever seen the far side of the moon until in 1959, when the Soviet Luna 3 spacecraft returned the first images.
Since then, several missions by NASA and other space agencies have imaged the lunar far side.
Bottom line: This image is NASA’s 2016 Tournament Earth champion. It’s the moon transiting in front of the Earth – both with their daysides visible – in July, 2015.
Deborah Byrd created the EarthSky radio series in 1991 and founded EarthSky.org in 1994. Today, she serves as Editor-in-Chief of this website. She has won a galaxy of awards from the broadcasting and science communities, including having an asteroid named 3505 Byrd in her honor. A science communicator and educator since 1976, Byrd believes in science as a force for good in the world and a vital tool for the 21st century. "Being an EarthSky editor is like hosting a big global party for cool nature-lovers," she says.