The moon is swinging by the Pleiades star cluster and star Aldebaran, which rank as the two most prominent signposts in the constellation Taurus the Bull. The moon swings to the south of the Pleiades cluster on June 29, 2019, and then to the north of Aldebaran on June 30, 2019. Finally, the moon will meet up with the planet Venus in the glow of morning dawn on or near July 1, 2019.
The chart above shows the moon’s movement in late June and early July with respect to Venus. Will you see the star Aldebaran in the morning twilight, at the same time as Venus? Maybe. Venus is much, much brighter. By the time Venus rises into your sky, chances are the Pleiades star cluster and Aldebaran will have faded from sight in the glare of morning twilight. Venus, like the moon, also shines in front of the constellation Taurus in late June and early July 2019. Both Aldebaran and Venus will be near the sunrise, so you’ll need an unobstructed horizon to see them. Binoculars might help, too!
The moon will move out of the constellation Taurus and into the constellation Gemini on or near July 2. Then, Venus too will move out of of Taurus and into Gemini, on or near July 4.
The Pleiades star cluster – a tiny, misty dipper in a dark-enough sky – is fainter still. You’ll probably need to be up before dawn’s first light to see the Pleiades with the eye alone. Astronomers have a special name for dawn’s first light; it’s the same name they use for the last traces of evening twilight. They call it astronomical twilight. Want to know when astronomical twilight arrives in your sky? Click here and check the astronomical twilight box.
Want to know when the moon rises into your sky? Click here and check the moonrise and moonset box.
To find out the rising time of Aldebaran, click here and choose Aldebaran as your celestial object of interest.
We in the Northern Hemisphere tend to associate the constellation Taurus with the winter season because that’s when this constellation comes at nightfall and beautifies our winter nights. If you live in the Southern Hemisphere, then the constellation Taurus lights up your summer evenings.
Despite the hot weather in the Northern Hemisphere at present, the first inklings of winter season – the constellation Taurus – can now be seen before sunrise. (Or if you live in the Southern Hemisphere, Taurus’ initial morning appearance signals the inevitable coming of summer.) Because the stars rise some four minutes earlier daily, or 1/2 hour earlier weekly or two hours earlier monthly, the constellation Taurus the Bull’s presence in the morning sky will become more prominent with each passing month.
By the middle of November, the Pleiades cluster will be out all night long; and by around December 1, the star Aldebaran will put on its all-night appearance. The all-night appearances of the Pleiades cluster and then the star Aldebaran some two weeks later signal that late autumn is soon to give way to winter in the Northern Hemisphere.
Bottom line: On these late June and early July mornings, let the waning crescent moon serve as your guide to the constellation Taurus’ two major signposts: the Pleiades star cluster and the red giant star Aldebaran. Wait until just before sunrise, and you’ll see Venus rise over your eastern horizon, too.
Bruce McClure has served as lead writer for EarthSky's popular Tonight pages since 2004. He's a sundial aficionado, whose love for the heavens has taken him to Lake Titicaca in Bolivia and sailing in the North Atlantic, where he earned his celestial navigation certificate through the School of Ocean Sailing and Navigation. He also writes and hosts public astronomy programs and planetarium programs in and around his home in upstate New York.