In the eastern morning sky around November 8, 9 and 10, 2019 – as the predawn darkness gives way to dawn – watch for the red planet Mars to pair up with blue-white Spica, brightest star in the constellation Virgo the Maiden. Their conjunction date – when Mars passes three degrees north of Spica on our sky’s dome – is November 8.
These two worlds will remain close together all week long, and should rather easily fit into a single binocular field.
Spica – a 1st-magnitude star – shines about twice as brightly as Mars does right now. So, in the early morning, you might see Spica – but not Mars – with the eye alone. If that’s the case, aim binoculars at Spica to view nearby Mars and Spica adorning the same binocular field together. Note the beautiful contrast of color between blue-white Spica and ruddy Mars.
The Northern Hemisphere has the advantage for watching the early morning Mars/Spica spectacle. That’s because Mars and Spica rise earlier before sunrise at more northerly latitudes, and closer to sunrise at more southerly latitudes. Here are the approximate rising times for Mars at various latitudes (presuming an absolutely level horizon) for the next several days:
35 degrees north latitude
Mars rises 1 3/4 hours before sunrise
Equator (0 degrees latitude)
Mars rises 1 1/2 hours before sunrise
35 degrees south latitude
Mars rises 1 hour before sunrise
Want more specific rising times for your sky? Click here for an almanac.
The good news is that both Mars and Spica rise earlier in the morning sky with each successive day. But Spica climbs away from the sunrise at a greater clip than Mars does. So it won’t be too much longer before Mars falls beneath Spica in the November 2019 morning sky. And by the time the moon reaches this part of the sky on the mornings of November 23 and 24, 2019, Mars will be found roughly midway between Spica and the planet Mercury on the sky’s dome, as shown on the sky chart below.
Mercury is nominally an evening “star” right now. Yet this world, named in honor of the fleet-footed messenger god, will transition from the evening to morning sky on November 11, 2019. Roughly a week thereafter, look for Mercury to take the stage with Mars and Spica in the morning sky.
Bottom line: These next several days – November 8, 9 and 10, 2019 – watch for the close pairing of the red planet Mars and the blue-white star Spica in the early morning sky.
Bruce McClure has served as lead writer for EarthSky's popular Tonight pages since 2004. He's a sundial aficionado, whose love for the heavens has taken him to Lake Titicaca in Bolivia and sailing in the North Atlantic, where he earned his celestial navigation certificate through the School of Ocean Sailing and Navigation. He also writes and hosts public astronomy programs and planetarium programs in and around his home in upstate New York.