The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and National Climatic Data Center (NCDC) have now released the global climate report for June 2012. In this report, NOAA states that the global temperature for the month of June 2012 was 0.63 degrees Celsius (1.13 degree Fahrenheit) above the 20th century average of 15.5°C (59.9°F), making June 2012 was the fourth-warmest June since record-keeping began in 1880. At the same time, the land and ocean average surface temperature for June 2012 for the Northern Hemisphere – where the heaviest populations live, and where it’s summer now – showed June 2012 as the all-time warmest Northern Hemisphere June on record, at 1.30°C (2.34°F) above the 20th Century average. On top of that, NOAA released that the globally averaged land surface temperature was the all-time warmest June on record at 1.07°C (1.93°F) above average.
The Northern Hemisphere, where the majority of Earth’s land is located, has now experienced the warmest April, May, and June on record, all in the year 2012. A large majority of these land areas experienced above-average temperatures for the month of June 2012 with northwestern Europe and northwestern United States experiencing temperatures below average.
As of now, the greatest warmth experienced around the globe for 2012 is across North America, southern Greenland, and most of Russia.
Here’s a list of notable temperature records that occurred in the month of June 2012:
–Finland experienced its coolest June since 2004.
–New Zealand experienced the coolest daily maximum temperature in over 130 years of record keeping when temperatures only climbed to 0.4°C or 38°F.
–Australia experienced below average temperatures for the month.
–Spain had its fourth-warmest June since 1960.
-Vienna and in German-Altenburg, Nope in Austria recorded its highest ever June temperature of 37.7°C (99.9°F) on June 30. The old records were set on June 22, 2000 in both Lutmannburg, Burganland and Langenlebarn, Nope with temperatures of 37.2°C (98.9°F).
–Norway had temperatures that were 1.2°C (2.2°F) below average for the month of June, making it the 25th coolest June since records began in 1900.
–Alaska had the 16th coolest January–June since records began in 1918, with a temperature 1.5°C (2.7°F) below the 1971–2000 average.
The report not only discusses the temperatures seen around the globe, but it also talks about precipitation seen in the month of June 2012. Out of all places, June 2012 was the wettest period ever recorded for the United Kingdom since record-keeping began in 1900. Meanwhile, England and Wales each tied with 1860 as the wettest June since their records began in 1766. The Southwest Asian monsoon developed over parts of India which resulted in providing them monthly rainfall that was 77 percent of the average amount received. In a previous post I wrote about temperatures and precipitation in the United States, rainfall has been severely lacking across a large majority of the United States with over 60% of the country experiencing drought conditions. The drought conditions will likely play a large role in the economy as prices are expected to climb as demand continues but product and supplies drop as crops fail.
Bottom line: June 2012 was the fourth-warmest June ever recorded since record-keeping began in 1880. The Northern Hemisphere land and ocean average surface temperature for June 2012, where the majority of Earth’s land is located, was the all-time warmest June on record. As of now, the greatest warmth experienced around the globe for 2012 is across North America, southern Greenland, and most of Russia. Meanwhile, cooler conditions have been felt across Alaska, Mongolia, and Australia. Rainfall has been abundant for parts of the United Kingdom while drought has been a major concern across the United States with over 60% of the U.S. experiencing drought conditions.
Matt Daniel is Meteorologist for WBRC in Birmingham, Alabama. A self-described "big weather and music geek," Matt has a passion for helping to keep people safe when severe weather strikes and says if you don't have a NOAA Weather Radio ... you should get one.