Tonight – August 25, 2017 – the waxing crescent moon and dazzling planet Jupiter appear close together on the sky’s dome shortly after sunset. Look to the west, in the general direction of sunset, to view them in the deepening twilight. And, as the night gets darker, watch for the star Spica to join the brilliant twosome. Spica is the brightest star in the constellation Virgo the Maiden. It’s Virgo’s sole 1st-magnitude star
The moon, Jupiter and Spica will quickly follow the sun beneath the horizon. They’ll be gone by early evening, especially as seen from northerly latitudes. Click here for recommended almanacs telling you when the moon, Jupiter and Spica will set in your sky.
It won’t be much longer before Jupiter and Spica will leave the evening sky entirely. That’s happening because Earth is pulling ahead in its orbit, and our night sky is turning away from them. Day by day, Jupiter and Spica will sink toward the setting sun. Likely, they’ll disappear in the sun’s glare by late September or early October 2017.
Jupiter stays in the same constellation of the zodiac for roughly one year. Right now, Jupiter shines in front of the constellation Virgo. Next year at this time, Jupiter will be shining in front of the constellation Libra, pairing up with Libra’s alpha star, Zubenelgenubi.
Then in the year following, in 2019, Jupiter will be in the neighborhood of Antares, the brightest star in the constellation Scorpius.
In this way – like the astronomers of antiquity – you can use key bright stars of the zodiac to plot Jupiter’s path year by year. Jupiter takes about 12 years to travel full circle in front of the backdrop stars, so you can expect to see Jupiter returning to Spica’s part of the sky at this time 12 years from now, or in the year 2029.
Bottom line: From around the world, as darkness falls on August 25, 2017, let the waxing crescent moon guide you to the planet Jupiter and the star Spica.
Bruce McClure has served as lead writer for EarthSky's popular Tonight pages since 2004. He's a sundial aficionado, whose love for the heavens has taken him to Lake Titicaca in Bolivia and sailing in the North Atlantic, where he earned his celestial navigation certificate through the School of Ocean Sailing and Navigation. He also writes and hosts public astronomy programs and planetarium programs in and around his home in upstate New York.