Greg Redfern of the blog What’s Up? The Space Place captured this image in Virginia on June 4, 2017. He wrote to EarthSky:
A double lunar halo. I have never seen one like this in 5-plus decades of skywatching. Pretty amazing.
Indeed it is! And, Greg, there are more than just two halos here. Most halos visible around the sun or moon are caused by ice crystals in the upper air, and they’re relatively common. We receive many images of them each day. But I’d never seen multiple halos, like these, either. So I asked Les Cowley of the great website Atmospheric Optics about your photo. He confirmed:
This is a rare display.
Pyramidal crystals tumble more in the air and so they usually form only rather fuzzy circular halos. In Greg’s image, we have 9-, 18-, 20- and 23-degree radius rings compared to the common 22-degree halo.
Even more rarely, some pyramidals can be well oriented in this sky. Note the bright spots above and below the moon on the inner 9-degree halo in Greg’s photo, plus the bright areas to the moon’s left and right on the 18-degree circle [see a diagram here]. These are the pyramidal crystal equivalents of paraselenea, or ‘moondogs.’
Thanks for sending your photo, Greg, and thank you, Les!
Bottom line: A rare sighting of multiple halos around the moon – on June 4, 2014 over Virginia – caused by pyramidal ice crystals.
Deborah Byrd created the EarthSky radio series in 1991 and founded EarthSky.org in 1994. Today, she serves as Editor-in-Chief of this website. She has won a galaxy of awards from the broadcasting and science communities, including having an asteroid named 3505 Byrd in her honor. A science communicator and educator since 1976, Byrd believes in science as a force for good in the world and a vital tool for the 21st century. "Being an EarthSky editor is like hosting a big global party for cool nature-lovers," she says.