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Christopher Crockett
Aug 2012 CME

What is a coronal mass ejection or CME?

A CME can launch a billion tons of plasma from the sun’s surface into space, at speeds of over a million miles per hour. 

Sun's path through the zodiac.

What is the zodiac?

The zodiac is defined by 13 constellations that lie along the annual path of the sun across the sky.

Color spectrum via Shutterstock

What is the electromagnetic spectrum?

The electromagnetic spectrum describes all the wavelengths of light. From dark nebulae to exploding stars, it reveals an otherwise invisible universe.

Gamma ray burst

What are gamma ray bursts?

Only the most powerful explosions in the universe.

Image via Brews OHare on Wikimedia Commons.

What is a light-year?

Hint: A light-year is a unit of distance, not time.

Stellar parallax

What is a parsec?

Astronomers typically speak of distance in the universe in parsecs, not light-years. One parsec is about 30 trillion kilometers, or just over three light-years.

Eta Carinae

Wolf-Rayets are the most massive and brightest stars known

Wolf-Rayet stars make our sun look tiny. They can be hundreds of times more massive, millions of times brighter, and tens of thousands of degrees hotter.

Elliptical galaxy ESO 325 G004

What are elliptical galaxies?

Elliptical galaxies are among the largest single star systems in the universe and are built by the collisions of many smaller galaxies.

Ionized gas in the Milky Way

What lives between the stars?

The interstellar medium is the stuff between the stars. Made up mostly of hydrogen and helium gas, it contains all the material needed to make stars and planets. It is shaped by stellar winds, dying stars, galactic magnetic fields, and supernova explosions.

mars_retro_single_crop

What is retrograde motion?

Sometimes the planets appear to change direction in the sky. This retrograde motion is entirely an illusion caused by the Earth passing the slower moving outer planets.