Rosetta is on a 10-year mission to study Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko up close as the comet enters the solar system. The spacecraft woke up from hibernation in January and will rendezvous with the comet in May and enter orbit around it in August. If all goes well, it will be the first spacecraft to orbit a comet’s nucleus and the first lander to do a controlled touchdown, in November, on the surface of a comet. The comet is just a few kilometers across.
In the more recent image, above, obtained by ESO’s Very Large Telescopenin Chile on February 28 – the first since the comet disappeared behind the sun last October – the comet presents itself brighter than expected.
For researchers, the tiny dot in the image carries valuable information. Already 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko is approximately 50 percent brighter than in the last images from October 2013. While the comet has moved another 50 million kilometers closer to Earth in this time (and 80 million kilometers closer to the sun), the increase in brightness cannot be explained by the smaller distance alone.
The Rosetta spacecraft was launched from the Guiana Space Centre in French Guiana in March, 2004. The spacecraft was placed in a hibernation mode in June, 2011, and woke up in January, 2014.
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