The sun and moon, the shape of a beach and larger coastline, the angle of a seabed leading up to land, and the prevailing ocean currents and winds all affect the height of the tides.
Depending on the temperature and humidity of the air where the snowflakes form, the resulting ice crystals will grow into a myriad of different shapes.
This year’s El Niño has likely reached its peak, say scientists, but given that Earth is hotter than in 135 years, there are no guarantees.
An ESA space observatory was looking for something else when it caught these X-ray images of an aurora.
New insights into ancient Earth’s early structure from diamonds formed 3.5 billion years ago. A scientist called diamonds “the perfect little time capsules.”
There were no reports of injuries, but the powerful earthquake left a fair amount of cleanup to do, plus some frightened people in Alaska.
The phenomenon of freezing rain: What causes the dangerous winter weather element that can paralyze cities.
“What we have seen this past year will likely be routine in about 15 years, although regionally the details will vary considerably,” says climate expert Kevin Trenberth.